Get parent device

I have two USB device IDs, e.g. USB\VID_E4F1&PID_0661\00000115FA9CE7750000000000000000 and USB\VID_E4F1&PID_0661&MI_00\7&B5A5DDF&0&0000

How to verify device #2 is a direct child of device #1 (physically they’re different parts of the same USB composite device)?

In real-life scenarios it will be many of them connected to the same USB controller. Moreover, it's possible they'll be of the same maker and model. That's why I cant verify the VID, PID, and use Win32_USBControllerDevice WMI query to verify they're plugged into the same USB controller - I need to somehow verify the parent-child relation, not just the fact they're plugged into the same controller.

If it matters, I only need to support Windows 8+.

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2 Answers Get parent device

The PnP Configuration Manager API is your friend here:

4 year ago

If you are able to use the new WinRT API You should take a look at the PnpObject class and namespace.

Here's a code example:

var propertiesToQuery = new List<string>() { 
    "System.ItemNameDisplay",
    "System.Devices.DeviceInstanceId",
    "System.Devices.Parent",
    "System.Devices.LocationPaths",
    "System.Devices.Children"
};

var id1 = @"USB\VID_E4F1&PID_0661\00000115FA9CE7750000000000000000";

var device1 = await PnpObject.FindAllAsync(PnpObjectType.Device, 
                                            propertiesToQuery, 
                                            "System.Devices.DeviceInstanceId:=\"" + id1 + "\"");

var id2 = @"USB\VID_E4F1&PID_0661&MI_00\7&B5A5DDF&0&0000";

var device2 = await PnpObject.FindAllAsync(PnpObjectType.Device, 
                                            propertiesToQuery, 
                                            "System.Devices.DeviceInstanceId:=\"" + id2 + "\"");


var parent1 = device1.Properties["System.Devices.Parent"] as string;
var parent2 = device2.Properties["System.Devices.Parent"] as string;

if (parent1 && parent1 == id2)
{
    WriteLine("Device 2 is parent of device 1");
}

if (parent2 && parent2 == id1)
{
    WriteLine("Device 11 is parent of device 2");
}

var child_ids = device1.Properties["System.Devices.Children"] as string[];

if (child_ids != null){
    foreach (var id in child_ids)
    {
        if (id == id2){
            WriteLine("Device 2 is child of device 1")
        }
    }
}

 child_ids = device2.Properties["System.Devices.Children"] as string[];

if (child_ids != null){
    foreach (var id in child_ids)
    {
        if (id == id1){
            WriteLine("Device 1 is child of device 2")
        }
    }
}

If this is not enough you can try going up or down the parent/children path.

You could also look at the System.Devices.LocationPaths property (which is an array of strings) and test if one is a prefix of the other.

2 year ago